Wondering About Water Softeners? How They Work?

water softeners how they workIf you are wondering about water softeners and how they work here is some information that you need. (Here’s another article too: Do Water Softeners Work?)

Water softeners are designed to remove the minerals in water that make it hard. Calcium and magnesium are the most common minerals found in water but sometimes iron and other minerals are present.

Minerals that cause water to be hard affect your everyday life in many ways.

  • Soap doesn’t lather well
  • Clothes don’t come clean
  • Laundry wears out faster
  • Dishes have a white film  on them
  • Appliances wear out faster
  • Tubs have rust and scale
  • Skin problems develop
  • Hair becomes limp and lifeless

Water softeners and how they work

Some folks decide to purchase water softeners, how they work is a mystery to them, though. Since there are so many different ytpes on the market today it makes sense to know about water softeners, how they work.

Scientific American Magazine offers this information about water softeners and how they work.

The water softener unit is located in your household plumbing near the place where water enters the house so that it softens the water used for drinking and washing but not for irrigation. The unit contains several cubic feet of porous plastic resin covered with molecules that attract and bind to positive ions dissolved in the water. Normally, sodium positive ions coat the resin, but as water flows over the resin on its way to your sink or washer, the naturally occurring calcium and magnesium positive ions that exist in hard water stick to the resin. This releases sodium ions into the water in order to maintain a balance of electrical charge on the resin. Gradually, most of the sodium ions are released into the household water, and the resin becomes saturated with calcium and magnesium ions. Every few days, the unit must renew the resin by rinsing it with a concentrated solution of saltwater (sodium chloride), usually in the middle of the night. The high concentration of sodium ions in the salty water displaces the calcium and magnesium ions the resin, and the resin becomes once again covered with sodium ions. The salty rinse water, calcium and magnesium ions are flushed down the drain, and the system resumes normal operation. (Every so often it is necessary to add a bag of sodium chloride salt to the softener unit to prepare this salty rinse water.)

Each cubic foot of resin can effectively remove calcium and magnesium from about 3,200 gallons of hard water, which the Water Quality Association defines as 10 grains per gallon hardness. The process adds about 750 milligrams of sodium to each gallon of water, which the U.S. Food and Drug Administration considers to be in the “low sodium” range for commercially sold beverages. For people who are concerned about their overall intake of sodium, resins that instead release potassium into the water do exist, but the potassium chloride salt used to renew the resin every few days is more expensive than ordinary sodium chloride salt.

Problems caused by water softeners

  • Lead and other metals are leached from pipes and will be in your water
  • Dangerous for babies
  • Dangerous for people on sodium restricted diets
  • Water tastes salty
  • Causes dry skin and hair
  • Damages lawns, gardens, and houseplants
  • Bad for the environment

Is There a Better Way?

Aqua Magnets water conditioning system is a better way to solve your hard water problems. Unlike water softeners, how they work is not hard to understand.

Simply attach Aqua Magnets to the pipes that bring water into your home and forget about it. No maintenance will ever be required and no salt or other harmful chemicals will ever need to be added.

Aqua Magnets are safe for the environment, babies, and those with special dietary considerations. Your lawn, garden, and houseplants will look better than ever.

Try Aqua Magnets today. They come with a 90-day, money-back guarantee so you have nothing to lose.

[Image credit: puuikibeach]

, , , ,